Reindeer don't fly, but they do sometimes have red noses. These animals are part of the deer family, or Cervidae, which includes deer, elk, moose and wapiti. Like others in their family, reindeers have long legs, hooves and antlers.

Reindeer are also called caribou, depending on their location. They are called reindeer in Europe, but in North America, reindeer refers to Eurasian populations, and caribou refers to wild populations in North America, according to the San Diego Zoo. Reindeer also often refers to domesticated animals, while caribou refers to wild populations.

Some scientists think that the reindeer was one of the first domesticated animals. It was first domesticated around 2,000 years ago, according to the Smithsonian. Many Arctic societies still rely on this animal for food, clothing and materials for shelter.


Latinsk navn: Rangifer tarandus
Familie: Cervidae
Rase: Tamrein
Vekt: 70 - 150 kg (bukk), 40 - 100 kg.(simle) og 3-12 kg (nyfødt kalv).
Drektighetstid: 228 days
Kjønnsmoden: 28 mnd. gammel (simle)
Spiser: Planteeter / drøvtygger
Mankehøyde: 82 - 120 cm
Paringstid: august - november
Kalving: mai-juni